Under authorisation, Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC), those which cause cancer or mutations, for example, will be progressively banned. The goal is that SVHCs are properly controlled and replaced by suitable alternatives in phases. From past experience, tape manufacturers and raw materials suppliers have learned that it takes 6 to 8 years before a substance is banned, although this depends upon the chemical, as in some cases they have been banned very quickly. Currently 161 substances are candidates to be banned; 31 have already been banned. Authorisation to continue limited use of a banned chemical as it is being phased out requires an application costing between €200,000 and €500,000 with no guarantee of approval.

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