The list of potential substrates (surfaces) that a tape can be applied to ranges from glass, wood, cardboard and rubber, to steel, concrete, foam, polycarbonate and just about any other material you can imagine using to create, assemble and package a product.
Some substrates are generally easier to bond than others. As a rule of thumb, the higher the surface tension/energy of your material, the greater the strength of the adhesion. Coatings on the surfaces or fillers in the substrates might influence adhesion characteristics. Specially formulated adhesives are available for low-surface-energy surfaces.